All over the world, the sound of the violin makes a lot of people fall in love but, to make that happened, you need to know which wood is best for the violin. That’s why it’s one of the most highly chosen instruments, even today.
However, not all violins are the same. Some of them have a specific type of special wood. That is why we have researched this subject. So, you can get to know this classic instrument better.
Also, this will allow you to appreciate the sound of the violin in a different way. To do this, we will answer the question, which wood is best for the violin?
Why Wood is Used to the Made Violin
The best material for making violins is wood. The choice of wood is not random, as its acoustic qualities are sought. It is possible to obtain the best acoustic quality by using wood instead of other materials, such as plastic or metal.
When a specific piece of wood is obtained, it is possible to achieve a certain level of resonance and vibration.
Not only is the wood used to obtain a good level of resonance and acoustics. It is also necessary to choose the specific type and species of wood for this purpose.
Just as wood has a particular structure, that structure can vary according to the species. This is why certain types of wood, such as spruce and maple, are often used. Also, a special treatment is carried out to obtain the desired instrument.
It is not possible to obtain the same acoustic quality with different wood species. Experts say that you cannot get the same quality even from the same tree. In this case, the types of cuts made when purchasing the wood are important.
It doesn’t seem easy, does it? It requires an extraordinary procedure and the best quality of wood if you want to make a high-class violin. It is necessary to select maple wood for this purpose.
Therefore, it is also necessary to verify that the wood selected is durable and, at the same time, light. It may seem like a lot of requirements, but this is how you get the best instruments, believe me.
Once the wood with these characteristics has been selected, a specific cut must be made. That is why there are only a few violins produced each year.
To this, we must add that a detailed procedure is required in the treatment of the wood. However, we have not finished yet, as other secondary factors are also important.
Which Wood is Best for the Violin
The violin is usually made of maple or spruce. On the one hand, maple wood is chosen for a special type of violin part. In this case, the soundboard, table or front, must be built this way because of its properties.
It is a flexible, strong, and at the same time, light material. This is why it has excellent advantages over other options. On the other hand, this wood has a darker color when we talk about vertical granulation. Besides, specific cuts are made of the wood to optimize the sound quality obtained at the end.
Manufacture of Violins
However, violin making is not accelerated or anything like that. Each of the violin makers or artisans who make violins can only produce a few in a year. This is because long hours are required on each of the instruments. A normal number of violin production is between 5 and 6 instruments.
This is also due to the number of factors that must be included in this process. On the one hand, the specific selection of the type of wood is very important. Also, the entire procedure that follows must be carried out with care.
The wood needs sufficient time to dry and remove all moisture within it. This is a very common process because it is a hygroscopic and porous structure. When it is intended to obtain specific pieces of wood for general use, a kiln is used.
In this case, the kiln allows eliminating all the humidity inside the wood without damaging the resistance of the structure. However, this cannot be done for wood that is intended for instrument construction.
Instead, it is only possible to use the ambient conditions to achieve the desired point of the wood. Furthermore, the entire procedure for preparing the violin must ensure the exact position of the wood.
The piece of wood used must be resonant and lightweight. Otherwise, the sound that can be obtained would not be adequate. At the same time, the structure must not be too weak and too light.
Therefore, the violin must support certain tension during the use. This tension is produced by the four typical strings of the instrument. So, if the violin cannot support the tension produced, then it would collapse quickly.
Furthermore, it is often the case that each of the typical and mechanical properties of the selected wood also over time. Additionally, the density could be reduced due to the drying of the wood.
In this case, it is another factor that can modify the acoustic result obtained in the end. So, to obtain a high acoustic quality in a violin, a highly detailed process is required.
It is not only wood that is important in making a violin. It is possible to optimize the acoustic quality obtained from the instrument thanks to the varnish. A Stradivarius violin has a special formula in its manufacture.
In particular, it is a combination of some organic compounds. Some of them are iron, copper salt, and gum Arabic from trees, among others.
Also, experts say that to obtain a specific effect in this instrument, a little bit of metal must be incorporated in the formula of the varnish. On the other hand, some species of wood from Brazil are usually used to make the bow.
In this way, it is possible to achieve the most suitable quality of vibration. Besides, varnishing this wood is very simple. At the same time, it has a pleasant dark red color.
Types of Wooden Violin
There are some types of violins according to the wood they are made of. There is no limit to the amount of wood that can be used, as it requires a high level of acoustic and vibration quality.
Besides, the types of violins can vary according to the size they have. The latter class of violins is also known as fractional violins.
Violins by Type of Wood
Maple Violin: When the best quality instrument is to be built, maple wood is used. The quality of resonance made mechanical properties allows it to be the option chosen by professionals.
Spruce Violin: Generally, the positive point of this violin is the quality of the vibrations that can be obtained. Also, an excellent level of resistance is obtained during the whole life of the violin.
Violins by Size
● 1/16″ violin: This type of violin is usually used by children between the ages of 3 and 5. It is a piece with the right size so that people start practicing from a very early age.
● Full-size violin: This is the most common size used by most professionals. However, it is possible to find similar sizes, such as half size, quarter size, or three quarters.
● 4 and 5 string violins: Finally, it is also possible to find violins that can offer 4 strings and 5 strings. However, the most common of them are those with 4 strings.
What is it About the Structure of Wood That Gives it Such Desirable Properties
There is a set of properties that are important when making a violin. In particular, maple provides everything needed to achieve a high quality of acoustics and vibration. That is why we can mention the three most important properties of the wood structure.
Stiffness level: The exact level of stiffness is highly important when making instruments. This aspect is not only analyzed in the manufacturing of violins but also in some parts of the acoustic guitars.
Density level: Density is another aspect involved in obtaining the correct vibration. Therefore, the density level may indicate how much the sound can be propagated through the wood.
Internal friction quality: When specific energy is applied to the material, there is always internal friction. Therefore, this specific property of wood allows us to know the level of damping of the energy we apply.
At this point, we can mention that very specific requirements are required to get the best violin. However, we have been able to answer the question, which wood is best for the violin?
So, from now on, you will be able to enjoy the sound of this instrument in a better way. Since it is one of the classic instruments, this information will allow you to get to know them better.
Even you could learn to play one of them. Although it is a very specific procedure and requires a lot of practice. Beyond that, we recommend you try it anyway. There is a reason why it is one of the most chosen instruments, even today.