In the vast majority of carpentry projects, many pieces should not be missing. One of these is the screws, which allow different pieces of wood to be connected. So, if you ask yourself, what is wood screw?
In this article, you will find the answer. Therefore, you will be able to start new carpentry projects more efficiently. This means acquiring the specific and necessary parts for each task you wish to perform. To achieve this, we recommend you read on.
What is Wood Screw
A wood screw is a small piece that is used to join two pieces of wood together. In this case, we can find a specific design that is different from the rest of the screws.
At the same time, it is a piece highly known by all carpenters. This is because it is a fundamental piece for most of the tasks of a carpenter. Unless, of course, some carpenters’ tasks do not require screws.
It is possible to find these types of screws in hardware or home stores. The design has a threaded part only up to more than half. A small part of the screw near the head has a smooth handle.
On one side, the threaded part is used to be able to insert more efficiently into the wood. On the other hand, the smooth part provides the screw with a greater grip force.
One of the most common screw models is those with Philips’s heads. However, screws with conical heads are usually the most versatile. On the other hand, there is more than one type of wood screw.
While the standard screw is the best known, you can find other screws of some use at the hardware store. One of them is the pocket screw, which is also highly used by carpenters.
What Are the Sizes of Wood Screws
Today there are a variety of sizes of wooden screws. Among them and possible to find sizes #0 to #20. However, the most common of them are usually only 4 sizes. These are 4 sizes that most carpenters have in their workshop.
0.4 inches or 12 mm size:
In this case, this screw is chosen for the final grain section. Also, a similar speed is obtained during insertion compared to double threaded screws. Besides, a pilot hole is not required for a large set of wood types.
0.7 inch or 20 mm size:
Generally, these types of screws are used in projects or exterior applications. This is why they are made of highly durable stainless steel. Therefore, the life and functionality they can provide are long. This allows them to withstand the weather conditions of outdoor environments.
1.6 inch or 40 mm size:
When chipboard mounting is being used, then this type of screw is most suitable. Similarly, it can adapt to other types of wood. Therefore, stainless steel is used to provide excellent durability.
3.9 inch or 100 mm size:
When a high driving torque and also the so-called lever adjustment is intended, this screw is used. Also, you can work with hardwoods and use this screw to create the pilot hole. On the other hand, you get one of the best clamping features and power.
How to Screw Into the Wood: Step By Step Process
To begin this simple process
you must select the correct screw for the job you want to do. To do this, the screws you choose must be durable and long enough to get the right results. In the same way, they should not be too long as this could be an inconvenience if the wood is too thin.
As a Next Step
you should mark with an x the exact place where you need to screw. In this case, this will also depend on the type of specific project you wish to carry out. You may also need a tape measure to mark the most suitable locations for your project.
In this Case, You Can Start Using a Drill
to create a pilot hole. To do this, you should only focus on the cross you have marked previously. Besides, you should make sure that you use all the pieces necessary to drill the wood.
Once You Have Managed to Create the Pilot Hole
you should be able to make the hole even larger. However, it should not be the same depth as the pilot hole, but a smaller depth. This way, you will be able to countersink correctly. This procedure always works when you are not using flat head screws.
Finally, Take the Screwdriver and Screw to Begin Inserting
It is necessary to take your time so that the sharp rocks will adapt efficiently to the interior of the wood. In turn, make the final adjustment necessary to complete the task.
How to Hide Screws in Wood: Four Solutions
There are several useful ways to hide the screws in the wood. This is a simple procedure that gives greater value to the final project you are undertaking. It is also a normal task for any kind of carpenter.
To get the screws hidden in the wood, you can use wood filler. To do this, you must remove all types of waste that are on the surface. In this case, you can use medium-grain sandpaper next to a damp cloth or a vacuum cleaner to remove the residue.
After that, simply prepare and apply the wood filler mixture. Finally, you can use some sandpaper for an optimal finish.
As an alternative to the previous one, you can use some wood glue. For this, you must be doing a project that allows you to place it horizontally. Once the screw is in place, add the wood glue to the remaining space.
After that, the glue takes about 45 minutes to dry completely. Finally, you simply need to sand down the space around the hole.
In this case, you can use tampons for the screws you have used. To do this, you must purchase caps of the size and color that suit your project. After you have inserted the screw, use a little wood glue to insert the stopper over it.
As a last option, it is advisable to lift a few chips. A 2-inch layer will suffice. After inserting the screw, you simply use wood glue to reinsert the chip layer you have lifted. Finally, use some sandpaper for a subtle finish.
What Kind of Screws Do You Use For Pressure-Treated Wood
Generally, the most common use for pressure-treated wood is based on stainless steel screws. In particular, they must have the right corrosion resistance. Also, they should be grade 304 as well as 305.
If bolts and nails are used, they should be manufactured in the same way to obtain the proper results. Other options are to use galvanized steel screws that are coated with copper, silicon bronze, or zinc.
In this way, excellent results will be obtained, avoiding several inconveniences. This is something established by the international residential code in 2006.Of course, each of the screws must have the necessary length for the project you want to carry out.
What Size Screws For a Wood Fence
It is not recommended to use any type of length, both in screws and nails. Most carpenters consider the correct length as an important aspect.
That is why screws with a length of 3-1, 2 inches to 4 inches, are specifically recommended. This length will be more than sufficient when you need to attach posts to the back rails or pre-assembled panels.
When it comes to backing rails, you can join individual pickets. In this case, you can use screws with a length of 1-1 / 4″ to 1-3 / 4″. Of course, you also can use nails with the exact length.
However, the screws will allow you to obtain superior functionality. Also, these are the metal parts that can be removed with less damage to the wooden parts.
What is a Flat Head Wood Screw
Flathead screws are still quite standard despite the power tools that exist today. It is important to note that this type of screw is also known as slotted screws.
They are especially called flat-head screws since a flat-head screwdriver is required for this case. Besides, it is not possible to use an impact screwdriver or any kind of drill with these types of screws.
On the other hand, real flat head screws are the most efficient way to work with wood using a power tool. In this case, they are not the same flat head screws as the slotted screws. Also, they are usually perfectly suited to holes created with a countersink drill.
What is the Difference Between Screw And Bolt: Face to Face Comparison
The difference between these two objects is that they are used to obtain different functionalities. On the one hand, the screw is used when the carpenter intends to assemble different threaded objects.
That is why the shape of each of these pieces is different, beyond having some similarities. On the other hand, it is also necessary to assemble non-threaded objects, depending on the project in particular that the carpenter or hobbyist is carrying out.
That is why, in this case, bolts are used to get a good job. Besides, the bolts cannot make their pilot holes during the insertion process. On the contrary, some types of screws do have this capacity, so they are more effective.
Another difference is that the bolts are used, together with a nut, to apply the necessary force on a given project. In contrast, the screws are only turned to assemble two pieces of wood.
As you may have noticed, there is no one type of wood screw that people use. However, after knowing some differences and similarities, you will know the most important thing about a wood screw.
So, this will allow you to make your carpentry projects. From this point on, you will be able to purchase the woodworking parts and accessories you need.
Plus, you’ll avoid spending money on the wrong screws and tools. So, the information in this article will end up making it more important than you think. All that remains is to acquire the necessary parts for your next project and get to work.